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History GIS Data

Historical Atlas of Central and Eastern Europe: 1326 – 1922

This is a Historical GIS project following the territorial changes from 1326 to 1922 of various historical sovereign entities. The GIS data was created using tens of different historical maps and atlases in English, German, French, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian, Italian, Turkish, Ottoman Turkish, Latin, etc. Different maps were compared against each other, which is why this data is probably some of the most accurate. Some of the political entities that are present in this project are:

  • The Ottoman Empire
  • The Republic of Venice
  • The Habsburg Empire and its components: Bohemia, Hungary, Habsburg
  • The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth and its components: Poland and Lithuania
  • Tsardom of Russia (European border changes)
  • Various political rules of the Aegean Islands

Historical Atlas Contents (Years Covered)

  • 14th Century(only the Ottoman Empire): 1326, 1331, 1352, 1354, 1355, 1360, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1367, 1371, 1372, 1377, 1381, 1382, 1383, 1385, 1386, 1387, 1389, 1391, 1392, 1393, 1394, 1395, 1396, 1397, 1398
  • 15th Century: 1402, 1415, 1416, 1417, 1428, 1430, 1439, 1442, 1443, 1444, 1448, 1450, 1453, 1455, 1456, 1458, 1459, 1460, 1461, 1462, 1463, 1466, 1469, 1470, 1471, 1475, 1476, 1478, 1479, 1480, 1481, 1482, 1485, 1499
  • 16th Century: 1500, 1503, 1512, 1520, 1521, 1522, 1526, 1528, 1534, 1537, 1538, 1540, 1541, 1544, 1550, 1552, 1557, 1566, 1570, 1577, 1579, 1582, 1591, 1593
  • 17th Century: 1606, 1617, 1646, 1648, 1664, 1669, 1672, 1683, 1684, 1685, 1686, 1687, 1688, 1689, 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1695, 1697, 1699
  • 18th Century: 1715, 1718, 1721, 1723, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1736, 1739, 1772, 1774, 1775, 1779, 1783, 1791, 1792, 1793, 1795, 1797
  • 19th Century: 1800, 1803, 1805, 1807, 1809, 1810, 1814, 1820, 1829, 1830, 1834, 1838, 1855, 1856, 1860, 1863, 1864, 1878, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1885, 1889, 1895
  • 20th Century: 1908, 1912, 1913, 1918, 1920.

Examples of maps based on such data can be found below.

Example 1: Truce of Adrianopole – 1547

Donwload JPG:
1547-truce-adrianopole.jpg

Example 2: Treaty of Busza – 1617

Donwload JPG:
1617-treaty-busza.jpg

Example 3: Treaty of Karlowitz – 1699

Donwload JPG:
1699-treaty-karlowitz.jpg

Example 4: Treaty of Berlin – 1878


Donwload JPG:
1878-treaty-berlin.jpg

Sources:

American Geographical Society of New York . 191-. Austria Hungary. MAP. Scale: 1:2,750,000 km. New York: American Geographical Society, New York.

Andree, Richard. 1912. Österreich-Ungarn, Übersicht. MAP. Scale: 1:2,750,000 km. Leipzig ; Bielefeld: Velhagen and Klasing, Leipzig; Bielefeld.

Balta, Evangelia. 1989. L’ Eubée à la fin du XVe siècle. Economie et Population. Les Registres de V année 1474. Athènes: Society of Euboean Studies.

Balta, Evangelia. 1992. Rural and Urban Population in the Sancak of Euripos in the Early Sixteenth Century. Athens: Society for Euboean Studies.

Barnes, Ian. 2015. Restless Empire: A Historical Atlas of Russia. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Bayerle, Gustav. 1973. Ottoman Tributes in Hungary. According to Sixteenth Century Tapu Registers of Novigrad. The Hague and Paris: Mouton.

Béranger, Jean. 1990. Histoire de l’Empire des Habsbourg 1273-1918. Paris: Arthéme Fayard.

Birken, Andreas. 1979. Ottoman Empire – Provincial Administration at the End of the 19th Centtury. MAP. Scale: 1: 8,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Birken, Andreas. 1981. The Ottoman Empire 1683-1718; 1718-1812; 1812-1881; 1881-1912. MAP. Scale: 1: 8,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Cvijć, Jovan. 1918. The Zones of civilization of the Balkan Peninsula. MAP. Scale: 1:3,000,000 km. New York: American Geographical Society., New York.

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Domanovszky, Sándor. 1940. Magyar művelődéstörténet : a Magyar Történelmi Társulat megbízásából szerkeszti. Vol. Az 1716/18-1 és az 1737/39-1 Török Háború. Magyar Történelmi Társulat.

Fodor, Pál, X Dávid., Géza (eds). 2000. Ottomans, Hungarians, and Habsburgs in Central Europe : the military confines in the era of Ottoman conquest. Leiden and Boston: Brill.

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Gopčević, Spiridion. 1889. Ethnographische Karte von Makedonien und Alt-Serbien. MAP. Scale: 1: 850,000 km.

Ethnographische Karte von Makedonien und Alt-Serbien, Gotha: Justus Perthes.

Great Britain. War Office. General Staff. Geographical Section. 1918. South East Europe, ethnographical map. MAP. Scale: 1:1,500,000 km. London: War Office, London: War Office.

Halasi-Kun, Tibor. 1964. Sixteenth-Century Turkish Settlements in Southern Hungary. Beletten, 28, 1-72.

İnalcık, Halil. 1954. Hicri 835 Tarihli Sûret-i Defter-i Sancak-i Arnavid. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.

İnalcık, Halil, Radushev, Evgeni, & Altuğ, Uğur. 2013. 1445 tarihli Paşa Livâsı icmal defteri. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu.

Johnston, Keith. 1879. Turkey in Europe : with Rumania, Servia, Montenegro, Bulgaria &c. MAP. Scale: 1:2,533,000 km. Turkey in Europe: with Rumania, Servia, Montenegro, Bulgaria &c. Edinburgh : Johnston, Edinburgh.

Johnston, Keith. 189-. Austro-Hungarian monarchy. MAP. Scale: 1:1,642,000 km. Edinburgh : W. X, A.K. Johnston, Edinburgh.

Káldy-Nagy, Gyula. 1971. Kanuni Devri Budin Tahrir Defteri (1546-1562). Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi Dil Tarih-Coğrafya Fakültesi Yayınları No. 77.

Káldy-Nagy, Gyula, & Mikesy, Sándor. 1960. Baranya megye XVI. századi török adó összeírásai. Budapest: Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság.

Káldy-Nagy, J. 1961. Two Sultanic Hass Estates in Hungary during the XVIth and the XVIIth Centuries. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 13(1), 31-62.

Kiel, Machiel. 1989. The Ottoman Empire until 1453. MAP. Scale: 1: 4,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Kiel, Machiel. 1993a. The Ottoman Empire 1453-1512. MAP. Scale: 1: 4,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Kiel, Machiel. 1993b. The Ottoman Empire: 1512-1574. MAP. Scale: 1: 8,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Kiepert, Heinrich. 185-. Kaiserthum Österreich. MAP. Scale: 1: 5,830,000 km. Weimar: Geograph[isches] Institut., Weimar, Thuringia, Germany.

Kiepert, Heinrich. 1869. Völker und Sprachen-Karte von Österreich und den Unter Donau-Ländern. MAP. Scale: 1:3,000,000. km. Berlin : D. Reimer, 1869 (Berlin : Lith. Anst. v. Leopold Kraatz), Berlin.

Kiepert, Heinrich. 1876. Ethnographische Übersicht des europäischen Orients. MAP. Scale: 1:3,000,000 km. Ethno-graphische Übersicht des europäischen Orients zusammengestellt von H. Kiepert, Berlin, im Mai 1876. Berlin : Verlag von D. Reimer, [1882?] (Berlin : Lith. Anst. v. Leopold Kraatz), Berlin.

Kiepert, Heinrich. 1881. H. KieperPs Generalkarte der Südost-Europäischen Halbinsel. MAP. Scale: 1:1,500,000. km.

H. Kiepert’s Generalkarte der Südost-Europäischen Halbinsel / Schriftstich von C. Bischoff ; Terrainstich von J. Sulzer. Berlin : Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, 1881., Berlin.

Kiepert, Heinrich. 1895. Südost-Europa. MAP. Scale: 1:3,000,000 km. Südost Europa / gez. v. H. Kiepert ; neubearbeit v. Richard Kiepert ; lith. v. L. Kraatz u. J. Sulzer. Berlin : Dietrich Reimer, 1895 (Berlin : Lith. Anst. v. Leop. Kraatz), Berlin.

Kiepert, Richard. 1880. Mittel-Europa. MAP. Scale: 1:1,000,000. km. Berlin : Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), Berlin.

Lajos, Fekete. 1943. Az Esztergomi Szandzsák 1570 Évi Adóösszeirása. Budapest: Athenaeum, Budapest. Felelős: Kárpáti Antal Igazgató.

Lajos, Szántai. 1996. Atlas Hungaricus 1528-1850, 2 vol, Hungary in printed maps. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

Langhans, Paul. 1910. Die Räumliche Entwicklung Des Königreichs Montenegro. MAP. Scale: 1: 1,500,000 km. Gotha: Justus Perthes. Petermanns Geogr. Mitteilungen. Jahrgang 1910, Tafel 20.

Laut, Jens Peter. 1991. The Ottoman Empire 1574-1683. MAP. Scale: 1: 8,000,000 km. Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Levasseur, Emile. 1864. Carte générale de la Turquie d’Europe: de la Grèce et des lies Ioniennes. MAP. Dressée par A. Brué, géographe ; revue par E. Levasseur. 1864. Paris : Institut géographique de Paris : Ch. Delagrave, Editeur de la Société de Géographie, Paris.

Liechtenstern, Joseph M., &; Amon, Anton. 1795. Allgemeine Karte der Oestreichischen Monarchie. MAP. Scale: 1:2,700,000 km. Liechtenstern, Joseph M. and Amon, Anton. 1795. Wien : Herausgegeben von der Kosmographischen
Gesellschaft, Wien.

Ljušić, Radoš, iz Rajić, Suzana. 2003. Serbian state and authorities 1878-1913. Beograd: ’’Geokarta” : Zavod za udžbenike i nastvna sredstva, Belgrade.

Ljušić, Radoš, Rajié, Suzana, iz Stanojević-Vlajić, Nevenka. 2006. Serbian state and authorities 1804-1835. MAR Scale: 1:540,000 km. Stvaranje srpske države (1804-1835) / Kartografija Huber, Belgrade.

Magocsi, P.R. 2002. Historical Atlas of East Central Europe. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Pitcher, Donald Edgar. 1972. An historical geography of the Ottoman empire from the earliest times to the end of the sixteenth century. Leiden: Brill Academic Pub.

Regan, Krešimir, iz Kaniški, Tomislav. 2003. Hrvatski povijesni atlas. Niz posebnih izdanja. Zagreb: Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleza.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Budak, Mustafa, Aktaş, Necati, Gültepe, Necati, and İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2001. 370 Numaralı Muhâsebe-i Vilâyet-i Rûm-ili Defteri (937/1530). Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanii Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Aktaş, Necati, Kaplan, Mustafa, iz İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2003. 167 Numaralı Muhâsebe-i Vilâyet-i Rûm-ili Defteri (937/1530) I: Paşa Livası Solkol Kazaları. Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Budak, Mustafa, Bayır, Önder, iz, İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2006. 91, 164, M AD 540 ve 173 Numaralı Hersek, Bosna ve îzvornik Livâları lemâl Tahrîr Defterleri (926-939 / 1520-1533). Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Bayır, Önder, Kaplan, Mustafa, iz İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2007. 367 Numaralı Muhâsebe-i Vilâyet-i Rûm-ili Defteri (937/1530) ile 101, 114 ve 390 Numaralı Icmâl Defterleri (920-937/1514-1530). Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Budak, Mustafa, Bayır, Önder, iz İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2009a. 74 Numaralı Hersek Livâsı Icmâl Eflakân ve Voynugân Tahrîr Defteri 939/1533. Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

Sarmay, Yusuf, Budak, Mustafa, Bayır, Önder, iz İzgöer, Ahmet Zeki. 2009b. MAD 506 Numaralı Semendire Livâsı Icmâl Defteri (937/1530). Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı.

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Ştefănescu, Ştefan, Buga, Dragoş, Rusenescu, Constanţa and Stoicescu, Nicolae. 1996a. Ţările Române (secolele XIV-XVI). Atlas istorico-geografic. MAP. Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest.

Ştefănescu, Ştefan, Buga, Dragoş, Rusenescu, Constanţa and Stoicescu, Nicolae. 1996b. Ţările Române (secolele XVII-1848). Atlas istorico-geografic. MAR Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest.

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United States. Central Intelligence Agency. 1992. The Balkan region. MAP. Scale: 1:5,500,000 km, Washington, D.C.

Unknown Author. 1890. Turkey in Europe: Roumania, Servia, Montenegro, Bulgaria &c. MAP. Scale: 1: 100 km.

George Philip and Son, London and Liverpool. Ward, Sir Adolphus William, Prothero, G.W., Leathes, Sir Stanley Mordaunt, and Benians, E.A. 1912. Cambridge Modern History Atlas. London: Cambridge University Press.

How to cite:

Bogdan Popescu, 2017. Historical Atlas of Central and Eastern Europe. Chicago : University of Chicago Map Collection.

Information:

Do you need a map of Central and Eastern Europe for a particular time or do you have questions about the project? Contact me at b_g_popescu[at]yahoo.com and I will get back to you as soon as possible.

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